Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 13-20
Trace and Macro Elements Bioaccumulation in the Muscle and Liver Tissues of Alburnus chalcoides from the South Caspian Sea and Potential Human Health Risk Assessment
Masoud Sattari, Fisheries Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Iran; Department of Marine Sciences, Caspian Sea Basin Research Center, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Javid Imanpour Namin, Fisheries Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Iran
Mehdi Bibak, Fisheries Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Iran
Mohammad Forouhar Vajargah, Fisheries Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Iran
Caterina Faggio, Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
Marzieh Soroush Haddad, Fisheries Department, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Sowmeh Sara, Iran
Received: Mar. 21, 2019;       Accepted: May 6, 2019;       Published: Jun. 13, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jeece.20190401.13      View  84      Downloads  11
Abstract
Danube bleak Alburnus chalcoides (Güldenstädt, 1772) is a commercially important fish species in the southern part of the Caspian Sea. However, little is known about the concentrations of trace element (TE) in its muscles. To address the issue, we caught 77 A. chalcoides specimens at three different fishing regions (including Astara, Anzali, Kiashahr) of the southern shoreline of the Caspian Sea from September 2017 through June 2018. An inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) was used to measure element concentrations in fish muscle and liver tissues. In the case of liver, 27 elements were detected. So that, 9 elements including Ag, Ba, Be, Ce, Co, Sc, U, V and Y which were not detected in liver. In the case of muscle tissue, 22 elements were detected and 14 elements including Ag, Ba, Be, Bi, Cd, Ce, Co, La, Li, Sc, U, V, W and Y. The element values in the muscle of A. chalcoides were significantly lower (p<0.05) than the maximum permitted levels suggested by International standards.
Keywords
A. chalcoides, Caspian Sea, Trace Elements, Human Health
To cite this article
Masoud Sattari, Javid Imanpour Namin, Mehdi Bibak, Mohammad Forouhar Vajargah, Caterina Faggio, Marzieh Soroush Haddad, Trace and Macro Elements Bioaccumulation in the Muscle and Liver Tissues of Alburnus chalcoides from the South Caspian Sea and Potential Human Health Risk Assessment, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 13-20. doi: 10.11648/j.jeece.20190401.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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